J&K2
GLOSSARY



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¾ Extension: Cabinet drawer glides that allow the drawer to be ¾ extended. ¾ drawers can accommodate a smaller space because the glides do not fully extend.

A,B,C

Concealed Hinge: A cabinet build where the hinge is attached to the inside edge of the face frame and to the back of the door. This type of cabinet construction hides the hinge from outside of the cabinet. Six way adjustable concealed hinges are standard on our cabinets.

D

Distressing: A technique where small indentions, notches, scuffs, etc., are made in the wood to produce an aged look.

Dovetail: A construction method used to reinforce the joining of two perpendicular parts. Wooden cabinet drawer boxes are commonly dovetailed. The dovetailed constructed drawers of our built cabinets are one of the strongest in the industry.

Drawer Bottom: The inside bottom piece of cabinet drawers.

Drawer Front: The wood or thermofoil face of the drawer that coordinates with the door style.

Drawer Guides: The hardware installed on drawers that supports the gliding motion of the drawer. The specific drawer guide used varies depending on the drawer construction selected.

E

End Panel: The wood panel on the outside (left or right side) of a base cabinet. Also referred to as ends, sides and side panels. This is the outside vertical cabinet member, supporting horizontal parts.

F

Filler: A piece used to fill any gaps in cabinetry design that is not filled by cabinets to make the design fit the room precisely.

Flat Panel: A recessed center panel to a door or drawer design conveying Transitional, Shaker, or Arts and Crafts styling.

Framed Cabinets: The traditional framed cabinet has a front frame around the cabinet opening to which the door is attached. These are the most popular type of cabinets in the U.S. and are easier to install than frameless cabinetry because of their recessed end panels and rigid front frame. Framed cabinets are available in Traditional and Full Overlay styling which are explained below. Framed construction utilizes glue, staple and dowel or screw construction.

Frameless Cabinets: Frameless, or European-style cabinets, have no front frame. The doors are attached directly to the sides of the cabinet. Frameless cabinets, which are more contemporary in style, offer the advantage of completely unobstructed access to the cabinet interior because there is no front frame. Frameless construction utilizes pin and dowel construction.

Full Extension Drawer Guide: Cabinet drawer glides that allow the drawer to be completely extended to the back of the drawer. Full extension drawers provide complete access to the depth of the drawer box when opening the cabinet drawer.

Full Overlay: Cabinet door styles that cover most of the face frame, giving prominence to the door and drawer design.

G

Glaze Finish: An additional furniture finish treatment that is applied to improve a standard stain, enhance door detail and even-out wood species variation. 

Glazing: A finishing process purposely creating an uneven, inconsistent look by applying an accent stain over the entire door and then wiping off, leaving a "hang-up" of light to dark tones in the corners, door grooves and wood grains creating an overall glazed look.

Grain: Natural pattern of growth in wood; the grain runs lengthwise of the trees, therefore, the strength is the greatest in that direction.

H

Hardwood: Wood of broad-leaved trees; oak, maple, ash, walnut, poplar; contrasted to the soft wood of the needle-leaved trees: pine, fir, spruce, hemlock.

Highlighting: A technique which removes some of the dark stain between the grain to highlight the base color.

K

Knotholes: Voids produced where knots have dropped out of veneer or lumber.

L

Laminate: To bind together a series of layers of wood, plastic, or other material; as a noun, a piece made of layers of wood, plastic, or other material, bonded together by gluing or other process.

M / N

Maple: Hard maple is a strong, close grained wood that is predominantly off-white in color; although it also contains light hues of yellow-brown and pink. Hard maple occasionally contains light tan or small dark mineral streaks..

Mineral Streaks: Olive, black or brown discoloration of wood, caused by oxidation and other chemical changes.

Mitered: A joint made by cutting the frame of a cabinet door at an angle and fitting the pieces together.

O

Onlay: A decoratively carved wood ornament applied to cabinet surfaces. Used to embellish the design.

P

Padding: A technique that brightens and builds color to give depth to the finish.

Plywood: A construction material made of thin layers of wood glued and pressed together.

Pull: The term used to describe the distance a blind wall or blind base cabinet can be moved (or pulled) from the adjacent wall.

R

Rail: The horizontal pieces of frames, such as face frames and door frames.

Raised Panel: A term used to describe a door style where a thick center panel is machined to be flush with the door frame, thus giving the depth appearance by the sloping "raise" of the panel.

Recessed Panel: A term used to describe a door style where a thinner panel is inserted into the grooves of the wood door frame that gives a "recessed" appearance, i.e. flat panel. A flat panel held inside the perimeter of a door. A flat panel recesses between the stiles and rails.

Reveal: Side of an opening between the frame and the outer surface, or frame visible around a door or overlay.

S

Semi-Custom Cabinets: The advantage of semi-custom cabinets is that they are constructed after you place the order selecting one of the designs. They offer greater freedom in size, shape or modification to the cabinets. Due to their large and developed ordering systems, semi-custom cabinet manufacturers make cabinets according to your needs if they can fulfill them. In other words, while stock cabinets are mass produced, semi-custom can be altered to fit and custom are built on individual specifications.

SKU: Stock Keeping Unit – each item, size and part is identified as a SKU.

Soffit: A soffit or “bulkhead” is the area between a ceiling and the top of wall cabinets and usually 12 inches high and extending out over the wall cabinets.

Solid Wood:A door with a solid wood center panel is comprised of boards that are joined or glued together to form the width of the center panel. Because natural woods have variations in color and grain pattern from board to board, these variations will be apparent in a solid wood door. Predictably, a solid wood door is more expensive than a veneered door. Learn more about wood characteristics.

Spatter: A technique where a color stain is applied over the door by a speckling technique, leaving small "spatters" of slightly darker color all over the cabinets.

Stile: The vertical pieces of frames, such as face frames and door frames.

Stock Cabinets: Stock cabinets are good to use and last a life time. Stock cabinets are made in bulk by the manufacturers, available at competitive prices due to their volume and offer customer an affordable choice. They are available in ready-to-buy and install capacity.

T

Toe Kick: A term used to describe the recessed cut out area at the bottom of base, tall and vanity cabinets. It is also referred to as a toe space. Finished material attached to the cabinet toe space is referred to as "Toe Kick" or Toe Space Cover

V

Veneer: A veneer is a thin piece (1/32 of an inch) of solid wood which is attached with glue to a substrate (usually “particleboard” in raised panel doors and “hardboard” in flat or recessed panel doors). Veneered components are more uniform in finish and grain consistency. Veneered center panels in doors provide stability by minimizing its shrinking and expansion in dry and moist climates thereby eliminating cracking and splitting. J&K Cabinets do not use any veneer.

W

Wood Grain: Pattern and texture produced in wood.

Wood Species: Different types of hardwoods or softwoods. Examples are maple, oak, cherry, mahogany, and birch.

Worm Hole Effect: A technique where small dents are made in oval patterns to create an aged look.